Macau Country Name Beitrags-Navigation
Der offizielle Name Macaus ist seitdem Sonderverwaltungszone Macau der Volksrepublik China. Auf Grundlage der Chinesisch-Portugiesischen Deklaration. Die chinesische Sonderverwaltungszone Macau ist, seit der Rückgabe der Stadt von Portugal an China, aus ihrem Dornröschenschlaf erwacht. Dort wo in den. Suchen Sie nach Macau Map Gray White Country Name-Stockbildern in HD und Millionen weiteren lizenzfreien Stockfotos, Illustrationen und Vektorgrafiken in. Lizenzfreie Stockvektor-Nummer: Macau map with white shadow and country name on the map. Check-in point with a national flag on a gray. Many translated example sentences containing "Macau" – German-English dictionary and search engine Macau proper noun, singular (geographical name)—.
Macau setzt mit seinen Hotels eigene Maßstäbe. im Norden der Taipa-Insel einfach einen anderen Namen – Altira Macau. Das Westin ist vor allem bei Golfern angesagt, zum Macau Golf and Country Club ist es nur ein Katzensprung. Portugal declared Macau to be independent of the Qing Empire. Portugal relinquished colonial sovereignty over the territory. The Chinese. Der offizielle Name Macaus ist seitdem Sonderverwaltungszone Macau der Volksrepublik China. Auf Grundlage der Chinesisch-Portugiesischen Deklaration. Grundlegend ist daher Slotmaschinen Kostenlos Ohne Anmeldung einem Besuch am Wochenende abzuraten. Dies ist ein brauchbarer Artikel. Dieses reicht nur bis zur Grenze zu China. Detaillierte Informationen finden Sie in unserer Datenschutzerklärung. Weitere Empfehlungen gibt es unter Tropeninstitut. The population of Macao isand the nation has Coin Dispensers density of people per square kilometer. Dezember . Namensräume Artikel Diskussion.
No part of Macau reaches any great elevation; the highest point, feet metres , is at Coloane Peak Coloane Alto on Coloane. There are no permanent rivers, and water is either collected during rains or piped in from the mainland.
Macau lies just within the tropics, and it has a monsoonal wet-dry climate. Four-fifths of its total average annual rainfall of 83 inches 2, mm falls within the summer rainy season April—September , when the southwest monsoon blows.
Besides being rainy, the summer months are also hot, humid, and unpleasant. Winters, on the other hand, are somewhat cooler and less humid and can be delightful.
Nearly all of the population, of which a great majority lives on Macau Peninsula, is ethnic Chinese , born on either the mainland or Macau.
There are also small groups of other Asians including people of mixed Chinese and Portuguese ancestry, often called Macanese.
However, the once-significant Portuguese minority has been reduced to only a small proportion of the population. Of the ethnic Chinese, the vast majority are Cantonese speakers, and a few speak Hakka.
Chinese Cantonese and Portuguese are both official languages; English is also commonly spoken. Among the small number of Christians, the great majority are Roman Catholics.
About one-sixth of the population professes no religious affiliation. Macau is one of the most densely populated places in the world, and the entire population is classed as urban.
Macau has a relatively older population, with less than one-fourth being younger than age The service sector dominates the economy, employing about three-fourths of the total labour force.
There are few natural resources, an exception being fish in the Pearl River estuary, which are used for local needs.
Agriculture is minimal; small quantities of vegetables are grown, and there is some poultry raising chickens and eggs. Macau is a free port , and trade is vital.
Other imports include machinery and apparatuses, and imported petroleum provides most of the power for domestic electric generation.
Apparel and textile fabrics are the primary exports, and reexports constitute a small but significant proportion of the total value of exports.
Since the mids the government has made efforts to attract foreign investors and thus diversify the economy away from its heavy reliance on tourism.
Internal transport is good, and there are local ferries between the peninsula and the islands.
Following the December transfer of administrative status from Portugal to China, Macau remained a free and open port. An international airport became operational in Macau in Before it became a special administrative region of China in , Macau followed the colonial constitution promulgated in ; it was administered by a governor, who in agreement with the Legislative Assembly was appointed by the Portuguese president.
For a period of 50 years, Macau will thus retain its capitalist economy and some political autonomy , but foreign policy and defense matters will remain under Chinese administration.
According to the Basic Law, the chief executive, who serves a five-year term, holds executive authority but is under the jurisdiction of the central government in Beijing.
An election committee of members, who serve five-year terms, selects the chief executive, who can serve up to two consecutive five-year terms.
The chief executive appoints an executive council, which consists of 7 to 11 members, to assist in policy making. The legislature is a single-chamber Legislative Assembly, headed by an elected president and vice president; the assembly has 33 members, who serve four-year terms and are selected by a combination of direct popular election 14 , indirect election by a committee of special-interest groups 12 , and appointment by the chief executive 7.
Law is based on the Portuguese system. The judicial system was completely administered from Portugal until , when a high court of justice was established in Macau.
A new penal code was authorized in in response to a rise in crime. The Basic Law states that the judicial system remains intact with the transfer of sovereignty and that all judges are appointed by the chief executive.
The highest court is the Court of Final Appeal, headed by a chief justice. There are also lower primary courts, intermediate courts, and administrative courts.
Macau has a small security force, but defense is the responsibility of the central government in Beijing.
Primary and secondary education in Macau is overwhelmingly at private schools, although the great majority of these schools receive government subsidies.
Five years of primary education are officially compulsory, and education is free for children from age 6 to Most receive instruction in Chinese Cantonese , while the remainder are taught in either English or Portuguese.
An agreement for jurisdiction of the land to be transferred to Macau was reached in as part of a year lease from China.
The new campus was inaugurated in , and relocation was completed in Literacy is now nearly universal in Macau; a slightly larger proportion of males than females is literate.
There are medical centres and hospitals in Macau, and traditional Chinese medicine is also practiced.
The elderly receive medications free of charge. The average life expectancy is about 80 years, and the birth and infant mortality rates are both low.
The government has constructed low-income housing units, and the private sector has introduced social housing with controlled prices.
Chinese culture predominates, overlaid by a veneer of Portuguese architecture notably churches and cathedrals and customs.
Chinese temples and shrines coexist with restored villas from the colonial period. Barrier Gate, which links Macau Peninsula to the mainland, is a popular spot for tourists, as are such early 17th-century structures as Monte Fort and the nearby ruined facade of St.
Spectator sports include both dog and horse racing. The Macau Grand Prix attracts numerous international competitors and fans of motor racing.
Football soccer , track and field , volleyball, and roller hockey are popular team and individual sports. In the s Macau hosted several roller hockey world championships.
Macau ligt 70 kilometer ten zuidwesten van Hongkong en kilometer van Guangzhou. Ten tijde van de Han-dynastie begonnen vissers zich op de eilanden te vestigen.
De ruimte tussen de eilanden werd gebruikt als schuilplaats tijdens storm door schepen van de zijderoute. De kolonie Macau werd gesticht door de Portugezen in en was daarmee de oudste Europese kolonie in China.
Het verhaal gaat dat de Portugezen de A-Matempel binnenkwamen en vroegen waar ze waren. Het antwoord was Ma Kok Miu zo werd de tempel genoemd en dit zou later verbasteren tot Macau.
Destijds besloeg het alleen het schiereiland. De eilanden Taipa en Coloane zouden pas in de 19e eeuw Portugees worden.
Als Portugese handelspost groeide de bevolking snel en Chinese handelaren hielpen de Portugezen om handelsnetwerken op te bouwen. Hierdoor speelden zowel Portugese als Chinese handelsfamilies een prominente rol en konden ze niet zonder elkaar.
Begin 17e eeuw hebben Nederlanders diverse pogingen ondernomen om Macau op de Portugezen te veroveren. In juni werd de ultieme poging ondernomen met een voor die tijd enorme invasiemacht van 13 oorlogsschepen met zo'n man.
Deze aanval vormde voor de Portugezen de directe aanleiding om de verdediging van de kolonie te versterken en forten te bouwen zoals Guia.
Toen de Britten in Hongkong overnamen verloor Macau haar dominante positie. Tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog was Portugal neutraal en om deze reden werd Macau niet door de Japanners bezet, in tegenstelling tot een groot deel van China en Hongkong.
In deze periode kwamen veel Chinese vluchtelingen binnen, ook vanwege de Chinese Burgeroorlog. Tijdens de Culturele Revolutie zag het in het nauw gedreven Portugese bestuur zich genoodzaakt om met China te onderhandelen om zo zeggenschap in Macau te houden.
Na de Anjerrevolutie in begonnen China en Portugal gesprekken over de overdracht van Macau naar China. Er werd vrij snel een intentie getekend die stelde dat Macau Chinees grondgebied was maar wel onder Portugees bestuur.
Macau zal tot een zelfstandige positie hebben en kan zelfstandig beleid formuleren, behalve op het gebied van het buitenlands en veiligheidsbeleid.
De soevereiniteit werd op 20 december overgedragen aan de Volksrepubliek China. Om een nieuwe economische impuls te geven werd de goksector geliberaliseerd, hetgeen leidde tot de bouw van grote casino's.
Macau bestaat uit drie eilanden die met bruggen en dammen met elkaar verbonden zijn: het hoofdeiland Macau schiereiland , het middelste eiland Taipa en het zuidelijkste eiland Coloane.
Inmiddels zijn Taipa en Coloane door inpoldering met elkaar vergroeid. Het drooggelegde gebied heet Cotai , een porte-manteau van Coloane en Taipa.
Op het schiereiland heeft er onder andere landaanwinning plaatsgevonden door het afsluiten van de baaien die nu resteren als Nam Vanmeer en Sai Vanmeer.
Sinds heeft Macau een vliegveld, Macau International Airport. Tot die tijd was Macau alleen per boot bereikbaar. Eind werd de bouw gestart van de Hongkong-Zhuhai—Macau-brug.
De brug en tunnel gaat over de hoofdarm van de Parelrivierdelta en verbindt Macau met Hongkong. Sinds de ingebruikname in februari is de reistijd tussen de twee steden zo'n 40 minuten.
Voorheen was de reistijd nog circa 4 uur. Vanaf zal het eerste deel van de nieuwe lightrail in gebruik worden genomen. Toen Macau door China bestuurd ging worden vertrokken veel Chinezen en Portugezen, men was bang voor de communistische grootmacht.
De bevolkingsgroei bestaat voornamelijk uit Chinezen uit de Volksrepubliek en overzeese werkers. In had Macau De meest gesproken taal in de regio is het Standaardkantonees.
Andere talen zoals Engels en Helaohua worden in aparte gemeenschappen gesproken. Voor het Chinees wordt er gebruikgemaakt van traditionele Chinese karakters.
Tegenwoordig kampt Macau met een groot probleem: het gebied heeft een groot tekort aan werknemers , waardoor veel winkels zijn gesloten in de laatste tien jaar.
De gokpaleizen zijn de oorzaak; zij bieden een loon dat drie keer zo hoog ligt als het standaardloon in Macau. Er zijn echter ook veel Hongkongse werkzoekenden naar het gebied gekomen, waardoor de arbeidersmarkt toeneemt.
Dat Macau meer dan vierhonderd jaar een Portugese handelspost was aan de Chinese kust is duidelijk zichtbaar in de koloniale architectuur , de cultuur.
Het is gebruikelijk om iemand te begroeten met de Portugese zin Como te vai. In de Macause keuken is de invloed van de Portugese keuken terug te zien.Portugal declared Macau to be independent of the Qing Empire. Portugal relinquished colonial sovereignty over the territory. The Chinese. Visitors from Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan: Prohibited from entering Macao if they have visited a foreign country 14 days prior to arriving in Macao;If. A complete guide to the best things to do in Coloane, Macau. legend of A-Ma, the Goddess of Seafarers, from whom Macau is said to derive its name. Hac Sa Reservoir Country Park © Macao Government Tourist Office. Macau setzt mit seinen Hotels eigene Maßstäbe. im Norden der Taipa-Insel einfach einen anderen Namen – Altira Macau. Das Westin ist vor allem bei Golfern angesagt, zum Macau Golf and Country Club ist es nur ein Katzensprung. There are also small groups of other Asians including people of mixed Chinese and Portuguese ancestry, often called Macanese. Archived from the original on 6 October Portuguese is one of the official languages of 3d Spiele Online Spielen Kostenlos Ohne Anmeldung. Pearl River Delta Economic Zone. Four-fifths of its total average annual rainfall of 83 inches 2, mm falls within the summer rainy season April—Septemberwhen the southwest monsoon blows. South China Morning Post. Middle East [Persian Gulf] 16th century — In de Macause keuken is de invloed van de Portugese keuken terug te zien. Middle East [Persian Gulf]. Retrieved 14 February Die Gameshow
Due to a lack of available land for farming, agriculture is not significant in the economy. Food is exclusively imported to Macau and almost all foreign goods are transshipped through Hong Kong.
Automobiles drive on the left unlike in both mainland China and Portugal , due to historical influence of the Portuguese Empire. Macau International Airport serves over 8 million passengers each year and is the primary hub for local flag carrier Air Macau.
Phase 1 of the Taipa line had begun operations in December , the Taipa line will connect 11 metro stations throughout Taipa and Cotai.
Daily helicopter service is also available to Hong Kong and Shenzhen. Macau is served by one major public hospital, the Hospital Conde S.
In addition to hospitals, Macau also has numerous health centres providing free basic medical care to residents.
Consultation in traditional Chinese medicine is also available. None of the Macau hospitals are independently assessed through international healthcare accreditation.
There are no western-style medical schools in Macau, and thus all aspiring physicians in Macau have to obtain their education and qualification elsewhere.
The Macau Red Cross also operates ambulances Toyota HiAce vans for emergency and non-emergencies to local hospitals with volunteer staff.
The organization has a total of uniformed firefighters and paramedics serving from 7 stations in Macau. The Health Bureau in Macau is mainly responsible for coordinating the activities between the public and private organizations in the area of public health , and assure the health of citizens through specialized and primary health care services, as well as disease prevention and health promotion.
It also handles the organization of care and prevention of diseases affecting the population, sets guidelines for hospitals and private healthcare providers, and issues licences.
As of [update] Macau healthcare authorities send patients to Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong in instances where the local Macau hospitals are not equipped to deal with their scenarios, and many Macau residents intentionally seek healthcare in Hong Kong because they place more trust in Hong Kong doctors than in Mainland-trained doctors operating in Macau.
Education in Macau does not have a single centralised set of standards or curriculum. Individual schools follow different educational models, including Chinese, Portuguese, Hong Kong, and British systems.
Of residents aged 3 and older, 69 per cent completed lower secondary education, 49 per cent graduated from an upper secondary school, 21 per cent earned a bachelor's degree or higher.
While lower than that of other developed economies, the rate is due to the influx of refugees from mainland China during the post-war colonial era.
Much of the elderly population were not formally educated due to war and poverty. Most schools in the territory are private institutions.
Out of the 77 non-tertiary schools, 10 are public and the other 67 are privately run. Students at the secondary school level studying in neighbouring areas of Guangdong are also eligible for tuition subsidies.
The vast majority of schools use Cantonese as the medium of instruction , with written education in Chinese and compulsory classes in Mandarin.
A minority of private schools use English or Portuguese as the primary teaching language. Luso-Chinese schools mainly use Chinese, but additionally require mandatory Portuguese-language classes as part of their curriculum.
Macau has ten universities and tertiary education institutes. The University of Macau , founded in , is the territory's only public comprehensive university.
The Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau is the oldest higher institute, specialising in educating future nursing staff for the college's parent hospital.
Five other institutes specialise in specific vocations or provide continuing education. The mixing of the Chinese and Portuguese cultures and religious traditions for more than four centuries has left Macau with an inimitable collection of holidays, festivals and events.
The biggest event of the year is the Macau Grand Prix in November,  when the main streets in Macau Peninsula are converted to a racetrack bearing similarities with the Monaco Grand Prix.
The Lunar Chinese New Year is the most important traditional festival and celebration normally takes place in late January or early February. All events and festivities of the year end with Winter Solstice in December.
Macau preserves many historical properties in the urban area. One of the main examples of the report is that the headquarter of the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government, which is located on the Guia foothill and obstructs the view of the Guia Fortress one of the world heritages symbols of Macao.
Food in Macau is mainly based on both Cantonese and Portuguese cuisine , drawing influences from Indian and Malay dishes as well, reflecting a unique cultural and culinary blend after centuries of colonial rule.
While many restaurants claim to serve traditional Portuguese or Macanese dishes, most serve a mix of Cantonese-Portuguese fusion cuisine.
Despite its small area, Macau is home to a variety of sports and recreational facilities that have hosted a number of major international sporting events, including the East Asian Games , the Lusophony Games , and the Asian Indoor Games.
The territory regularly hosts the Macau Grand Prix , one of the most significant annual motorsport competitions that uses city streets as the racetrack.
It is the only street circuit that hosts Formula Three , touring car , and motorcycle races in the same event.
The Guia Circuit , with narrow corner clearance and a winding path, is considered an extremely challenging course and a serious milestone for prospective Formula One racers.
Macau represents itself separately from mainland China with its own sports teams in international competitions. The territory maintains its own National Olympic Committee , but does not compete in the Olympic Games.
Current International Olympic Committee rules specify that new NOCs can only be admitted if they represent sovereign states Hong Kong has participated in the Olympics since before the regulation change in Macau has six sister cities , listed chronologically by year joined: .
Macau is part of the Union of Luso-Afro-Americo-Asiatic Capital Cities   from 28 June , establishing brotherly relations with the following cities:.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Macau disambiguation. Special administrative region of China.
Special administrative region in People's Republic of China. Special administrative region. Chinese   [a] Portuguese   [b].
Regional language. Official scripts. Traditional Chinese [b] Portuguese orthography. Main article: Names of Macau.
Main articles: History of Macau and History of China. Main article: Municipalities and parishes of Macau.
Main article: Geography of Macau. Marina at Macau Fisherman's Wharf. Tourism plays an important role in the economy of Macau, the people from Mainland China being the region's most prolific tourists.
Main article: Transport in Macau. See also: Healthcare in Macau and List of hospitals in Macau. Main article: Education in Macau. Main article: Culture of Macau.
Main article: Macanese cuisine. Left : Macanese-style pastel de nata. Right : Pork chop buns are popular street snacks. Main article: Sport in Macau.
China portal Asia portal. Residents predominantly speak Cantonese , the de facto regional standard. Portuguese shares equal status with Chinese in all official proceedings.
The government of Macau calculates its own HDI. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Macau News. Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 1 January International Monetary Fund.
Retrieved 19 October Archived from the original on 12 April Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 15 September Archived from the original on 9 January Retrieved 7 February Visit Macao.
Retrieved 16 May State Department Notes on Macau , p. Retrieved 22 April Retrieved 2 June Tourism Office. Archived from the original on 9 February World Trade Organization.
Archived from the original on 28 December Cartography and Cadastre Bureau. Archived from the original on 29 September Macau Business.
Macau Daily Times. Transport Bureau. Archived from the original on 15 February Retrieved 14 February Macao Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau.
Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 29 March Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on 20 January Wall Street Journal.
Economic Bureau. Archived from the original on 13 February Retrieved 12 February MTR Corporation. Archived from the original on 17 February Retrieved 15 February The Govt.
Archived from the original on 14 November Retrieved 13 November Macau Polytechnic Institute. Archived from the original on 18 December Retrieved 3 December College of Nursing and Midwifery, Macau.
Archived from the original on 13 November South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 9 April Retrieved 9 April Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 29 December Archived from the original on 12 September Roman Catholic Diocese of Macau.
Archived from the original on 20 February Retrieved 19 February Macau Grand Prix Committee. Archived from the original on 1 July Retrieved 1 July Archived from the original on 18 February Archived from the original on 12 January Retrieved 6 January Archived from the original on 13 August Retrieved 5 September City University of HK Press.
Archived from the original on 3 February The Victory of Heritage. Macau Business, July , pp. Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 27 February Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau.
Archived PDF from the original on 9 February Retrieved 8 February Archived PDF from the original on 20 July Retrieved 10 September CS1 maint: archived copy as title link.
Statistics and Census Service. May Background Notes, Macau Report. August Electoral Affairs Commission.
Government Information Bureau. Municipality of Macau Municipality of das Ilhas. Note: The civil parishes are purely symbolic.
There are currently no political administrative subdivisions in Macau, and instead, the Municipal Affairs Bureau handles some of the functions formerly handled by the abolished municipalities, the former had replaced the Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau that was formed in Major cities along the Pearl River.
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Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. Area of Macau. Aerial view of Taipa. Macao Special Administrative Region.
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